art / BJJ / education / judo

Judo Newaza-BJJ techniques.

What is the major difference between Judo and Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu? Well naturally many thing comes to mind, but the most obvious is tradition. In modern BJJ, in my experience, techniques are named based on how individual instructor name it.  Where as in traditional Judo, techniques, no matter where they are taught, technique names remain the same.

Here is a list of of Newaza (grappling) techniques and the corresponding translations of the techniques.

Judo Newaza-BJJ techniques.

Osaekomi-waza (pins or groundholds)

1. Hon Kesa Gatame (basic scarf hold)
2. Kuzure Kesa Gatame (modified scarf hold)
3. Gyaku Kesa Gatame (reverse scarf hold)
4. Kashira Gatame (head hold)
5. Makura Kesa Gatame (pillow scarf hold)
6. Mune Gatame (chest hold / side mount)
7. Kata Gatame (shoulder hold)
8. Kami Shiho Gatame (upper four quarters hold)
9. Kuzure Kami Shiho Gatame (modified upper four quarters hold)
10. Tate Shiho Gatame (four corner straddling lock / top mount)
11. Yoko Shiho Gatame (side quarter hold)
12. Uki Gatame (floating hold)
13. Sangaku Gatame (triangular hold)
14. Ura Gatame (rear hold)
15. Kata Osae Gatame (shoulder pin hold)

Shime-waza (chokes)

1. Nami Juji Jime (normal cross choke)
2. Kata Juji Jime (half cross choke)
3. Gyaku Juji Jime (reverse cross choke)
4. Okuri Eri Jime (sliding collar choke)
5. Kata Ha Jime (single wing choke)
6. Hadaka Jime (naked choke)
7. Yoko Hadaka Jime (side naked choke)
8. Ebi Garami (guillotine choke)
9. Sankaku Jime (triangular choke)
10. Yoko Sankaku Jime (side triangular choke)
11. Ura Sankaku Jime (rear triangular choke)
12. Sode Guruma Jime (sleeve wheel choke)
13. Gyaku Sode Guruma Jime (broken sleeve wheel choke)
14. Ura Sode Guruma Jime (rear sleeve wheel choke)
15. Kata Te Jime (one-hand choke)
16. Kuzure Kata Te Jime (modified one-hand choke: from top mount)
17. Ashi Kata Te Jime (one-hand choke using leg too)
18. Ryo Te Jime (two-hand choke)
19. Tsuk Komi Jime (thrusting choke)
20. Do Jime (body strangle)
21. Kagato Jime (heel choke)
22. Koshi Jime (hip choke)
23. Jigoku Jime (hell’s strangle)
24. Gyaku Jigoku Jime (modified hell’s strangle)
25. Morote Jime (two handed choke)
26. Kuzure Morote Jime (modified two handed choke)
27. Waki Jime (armpit strangle)
28. Suso Jime (skirt strangle)
29. Obi Jime (belt strangle)

Kansetsu-waza (Joint locks)

1. Ude Garame (bent arm armlock) – three versions: Hon, Migi and Hidari; and from guard position
2. Sankaku Garami (omoplata)
3. Ude Hishigi Juji Gatame (upper cross arm armlock) – variations in foot positioning
4. Yoko Ude Hishigi Juji Gatame (side upper cross arm armlock)
5. Gyaku Ude Hishigi Juji Gatame (face-down upper cross arm lock)
6. Ude Hishigi Ude Gatame (straight arm armlock)
7. Ude Hishigi Hiza Gatame (knee armlock)
8. Ude Hishigi Waki Gatame (armpit lock)
9. Ude Hishigi Hara Gatame (stomach armlock)
10. Ude Hishigi Hara Garami (supine arm across chest lock)
11. Ude Hishigi Ashi Gatame (foot armlock)
12. Gyaku Ude Hishigi Ashi Gatame (reverse foot armlock)
13. Ude Hishigi Te Gatame (hand armlock)
14. Ude Hishigi Sankaku Gatame (triangular armlock)
15. Ura Ude Hishigi Sankaku Gatame (rear triangular armlock)
16. Kannuki Gatame (gate bar armlock)
17. Kannuki Garami (gate bar entangled armlock)
18. Kesa Garami (scarf hold armlock)
19. Gyaku Kesa Garami (reverse scarf hold armlock)
20. Waki Garami (under armpit bent arm armlock)
21. Kuzure Kami Shiho Garami (modified upper four quarters arm lock)
22. Ashi Garami (entangled leglock)
23. Ashi Hishigi (boston crab)
24. Ryo Ashi Hishigi (double leg boston crab)
25. Kakato Garami (heel hook)
26. Ashi Kubi Garami (ankle twist)
27. Kakato Hishigi (heel squeeze)
28. Hiza Hishigi (knee lock)
29. Hiza Tori Garami (entwined knee entanglement as a defence to a rear choke)
30. Migi Hiza Garami (right rotating knee lock)
31. Hidari Hiza Garami (left rotating knee lock


Yes I understand there are the top twenty techniques name, Arm Triangle, Arm Bar, Rear Naked Choke, etc… it’s not just the chokes and locks, but also the transitions and setups which lack definition.  That is what makes the 10 planet system, headed by Eddie Bravo, creator of the system, a valid system in modern BJJ. Even though the names of the forms are unorthodox, Electric-Chair, Old School,The Jailbreak, to name a few, but this naming of positions make it easier to identify a position by a student which in turn makes it easier to teach.

There is something to be said about tradition. Tradition help set a precedent that continue to be used and guide you. In this case, tradition for terminology, makes it easier to explain and teach a technique.

What is hard, is having to learn a new language if you are not Japanese. On the positive side, it’s fun to recognizing words when heard, when not in dojo!

Now go train. As Always, Workout,  Drink be Merry.





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